What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a slowly progressive disease of the joints that causes pain and stiffness in the joints and usually affects middle-aged to elderly people. Cartilage breakdown occurs when load-bearing bone joints are affected by external stress and biochemical changes.

It is also sometimes seen with other types of arthritis. Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body, but the small joints of the hands, knees, and hips are most commonly affected.

What are its main signs and symptoms?

Symptoms are periodic, and include: 

– Pain and stiffness in joints.

-Along with the loss of muscle mass, muscle weakness is also seen.

-Damaged bone joints have problems with circulation, and limited circulation is possible.

-Tenderness or swelling at the bony joints makes the joints appear thicker than normal.

-Crackling sounds or sensations in the joints or soft, crackling sounds in the joints.

-Daily activities become difficult.

-Fingers are bent.

-A painful abscess or fluid-filled blister may form in the affected area.

What are the main reasons for this?

Low-grade but persistent damage to bone joints in the body that heals on its own. But as a result of this condition, the protective cartilage at the end of the bone is damaged or broken.

Inflammation occurs as a result of redness and swelling due to bony growth at the joint site. The cause of osteoarthritis is idiopathic or unknown, but the following are thought to be related causes:

-Continued use of bone joints after an injury.

-Bone joints are severely damaged due to conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout.

-It can also be due to weight gain or aging of the individual.

How to diagnose this disease and what is its treatment?

The doctor will first ask for a complete history related to the symptoms, the preposition of the injured bone joints, or a thorough examination of the affected area with symptoms.

Then, the doctor may suggest the following tests:

-Some types of blood tests.

-X-rays of the affected area to detect fractures or bone fractures and the presence of rheumatoid arthritis.

-Treatments for osteoarthritis.

Treatments to relieve mild symptoms include:

-Regular exercise to control weight.

-Taking measures to reduce pressure on bone joints by using appropriate equipment and wearing appropriate footwear.

Treatments to relieve specific symptoms are:

Use of pain relievers including the following:


-Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): ibuprofen, naproxen, celecoxib, etoricoxib, and -diclofenac.

-Opiate drugs (codeine).

-Capsaicin cream.

-Steroid injection.

-Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections.

-Nutritional supplements.

-Undertake planned physiotherapy under the supervision of a physiotherapist.

-Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).

-Bake hot or cold.

-In extreme cases, it is possible to cure by surgery or welding of damaged joints.

increase and substitution methods include:




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